The Living Upanishad

The Upanishads are the most revered texts of Sanatana Dharma, the Eternal Wisdom, which represents the essence of Life. The most sublime philosophy concerning the nature of Reality is expressed in these Upanishads. The literal meaning of the Sanskrit word Upanishad is “to sit down near” or “to sit Totally (with complete attention) near the Master”. The word indicates the manner in which the truth was imparted by the Guru to disciples who sat at his or her feet. In those days the disciples lived with their Guru, in a small forest hermitage. It was by living as a family, serving each others needs, and those of their Master, that the students’ character evolved.


These Upanishads are in the form of question and answer sessions between the student and the Master. The Upanishads differ in style and the manner of approach, depending on the Guru and the backgrounds and receptivity of the desciple. The main theme is always the same – the exploration of the nature of the Ultimate Reality and the essence of everything perceived.

Deep bonds of love existed between the students and their Master. With great humility and an ardent quest for truth, the students would put their questions. The Guru, a seer (Knower of the Ultimate Reality) would then lead the student out of ignorance.

This ancient tradition continues in Amritapuri. Amma regularly sits for meditation surrounded by all the ashram residents. After she receives questions, with great insight, she expounds the theme of the questioner, throwing light on hidden aspects. Amma answers in Her inimitable manner. No matter what part of the world the questioner comes from, Amma’s earthy language and simple examples taken from day to day life, quells all doubts and often makes Her children laugh.

Sometimes, Amma turns the tables on the residents. With utmost humility, Amma will say that she feels Her answers to be incomplete. She then asks Her children to add to what she has said, offering them the opportunity to reflect on the matter themselves and come to the correct conclusions.